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DSM-IV - Mood Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition


[From American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Text rev. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; copyright 2000.] ...

  1. A prominent and persistent disturbance in mood predominates in the clinical picture and is characterized by either (or both) of the following:
    1. depressed mood or markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities
    2. elevated, expansive, or irritable mood
  2. There is evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings that the disturbance is the direct physiological consequence of a general medical condition.
  3. The disturbance is not better accounted for by another mental disorder (e.g., adjustment disorder with depressed mood in response to the stress of having a general medical condition).
  4. The disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of a delirium.
  5. The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
Specify type:
With depressive features: if the predominant mood is depressed but the full criteria are not met for a major depressive episode
With major depressive-like episode: if the full criteria are met (except Criterion D) for a major depressive episode
With manic features: if the predominant mood is elevated, euphoric, or irritable
With mixed features: if the symptoms of both mania and depression are present but neither predominates
Coding note: Include the name of the general medical condition on Axis I, e.g., mood disorder due to hypothyroidism, with depressive features; also code the general medical condition on Axis III.
Coding note: If depressive symptoms occur as part of a preexisting vascular dementia, indicate the depressive symptoms by coding the appropriate subtype, i.e., vascular dementia, with depressed mood.

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