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DSM-IV - Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia


[From American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Text rev. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; copyright 2000.] ...

  1. Both (1) and (2):
    1. recurrent unexpected panic attacks
    2. at least one of the attacks has been followed by 1 month (or more) of one (or more) of the following:
      1. persistent concern about having additional attacks
      2. worry about the implications of the attack or its consequences (e.g., losing control, having a heart attack, “going crazy”)
      3. a significant change in behavior related to the attacks
  2. The presence of agoraphobia
  3. The panic attacks are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition (e.g., hyperthyroidism).
  4. The panic attacks are not better accounted for by another mental disorder, such as social phobia (e.g., occurring on exposure to feared social situations), specific phobia (e.g., on exposure to a specific phobic situation), obsessive-compulsive disorder (e.g., on exposure to dirt in someone with an obsession about contamination), posttraumatic stress disorder (e.g., in response to stimuli associated with a severe stressor), or separation anxiety disorder (e.g., in response to being away from home or close relatives).

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Mark Foley said...
November 19, 2008 at 7:49 AM  

An agoraphobia sufferer will go out of their way to avoid places and situations where a panic attack and anxiety symptoms may occur. They may even end up being housebound as they avoid being in crowded places. This unhealthy lifestyle can in itself trigger agoraphobic attacks to occur in everyday normal situations. http://www.buy-xanax-online-now.com/

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